Our best friends can suffer from virtually the same range of conditions as we do . Allergies can also reduce their quality of life and put their health at risk.
The supervision of the specialist will clear doubts and avoid risky situations.
Skin allergies in dogs refer to a set of conditions caused by the reaction of their own defenses to an allergen, which in this case affect the skin. They are substances that in individuals without allergies do not produce a reaction , but that in the presence of an allergy are perceived as a threat or pathogen.
As our dogs cannot speak, we will have to observe them carefully to know what is happening and make a list that facilitates the work of our veterinarian .
MANIFESTATIONS OF SKIN ALLERGIES IN DOGS
The main symptom is excessive itching or burning that prompts them to scratch and lick . It may also be accompanied by redness or small pupae. All this is caused by the inflammation of the reaction against the allergen .
Where can this reaction occur? The truth is that almost anywhere in your anatomy. So it is important that we review from time to time the areas that can be seen with the naked eye. Parting the hair a little to check the condition of the skin, looking between your fingers, in the genital area or inside the ears is a good strategy to detect possible skin allergies.
Behavior changes can also be a warning sign.
A nervous, whimpering or hiding dog may also be suffering from the effects of a skin allergy. We must have the same consideration with other indicators such as shaking or frequent sneezing.
Dogs with skin allergies can also lose their hair in specific areas , either due to the allergic reaction itself or due to excessive scratching or licking.
Finally, having skin that is drier than usual or with the presence of rashes are warning signs that we should not ignore.
SKIN ALLERGIES IN DOGS: POSSIBLE CAUSES
Dogs can usually have skin allergies as a result of their exposure to fleas and ticks (and also insects such as mosquitoes, horseflies, etc.). But these are not the only causes: there are some herbs that they can lie on and that can cause an allergic reaction .
Mites are also responsible for many allergic skin reactions in dogs, and it is difficult to detect since they are practically omnipresent. The foods they eat also contain potential allergens, so we will have to be aware of possible reactions to a change in their diets .
HOW TO ACT WHEN SUSPECTING A SKIN ALLERGY IN OUR DOG
The first thing you should do is make an appointment with the vet . Afterwards, depending on the severity of the lesions they present, it may be a good idea to try to prevent them from continually scratching or licking.
The doctor will surely address the ailment with remedies for the condition of your skin through the prescription of shampoos or creams . In the case of the latter, it can be of some help to put an Elizabethan collar on them.
Avoid building homemade devices that could hurt their necks and use one that fits their size well.
With this protection device you will be able to keep their ears (frequent place of manifestation of allergies) away from their legs, so that they cannot scratch them . They will have a hard time adjusting but it can make skin treatments work better (by preventing them from licking them in).
The veterinarian can also give them an injection to help reduce the sensation of itching or stinging and prescribe oral medications .