In this post we will provide you with guidance on the vaccines for dogs that your puppy should receive, remember that the veterinarian is the professional trained to advise you, supply the vaccines and medications that your dog needs.
When a new four-legged member arrives at our home, we want to show it to our family, friends and why not, to the neighbors; however, we must be cautious because, like any baby, your puppy needs to be protected before accompanying you for those walks in the park, as you have always wanted.
Pre-Vaccinations for Small Dogs
- A puppy that is not vaccinated should avoid contact with other dogs.
- If you take him out to the street, it must be in your arms, without having contact with the floor.
- It must be dewormed between 7 and 14 days before vaccination to ensure that it does not have internal parasites that cause ineffectiveness of the vaccines, your veterinarian should administer an oral pill.
- The veterinarian will carry out a clinical examination of your puppy: mucous membranes, lymph nodes, abdomen and temperature measurement, to make sure that it is healthy and can be vaccinated.
What diseases prevent the first vaccines for dogs?
- Distemper: It is a highly contagious disease for which there is no cure. Starts as a cold and progresses to gastrointestinal disease
- Parvovirus: It is the main canine viral disease. It directly affects the intestines, causing bloody diarrhea and vomiting. The mortality rate of this disease is high.
- Canine viral hepatitis: Affects the liver and can develop very quickly. The main symptoms are: fever, lethargy, diarrhoea, vomiting, inflammation of the liver and abdominal pain.
- Coronavirus: Acute infection that causes intestinal inflammation, small dogs are more vulnerable.
- Leptospirosis : Bacterial disease that can be transmitted to humans, mainly affects the liver and kidneys. Its main symptoms are: fever, loss of appetite and tremors.
- Rabies: Deadly viral disease that affects the central nervous system. The dog that has this disease can present irritability, agitation, fever, photophobia, lack of appetite, cough, vomiting or diarrhea.
Dog vaccinations before their first walk
- The first vaccine your puppy should receive should be between 45 to 50 days old, this is the parvovirus vaccine.
- Between 60 and 65 days the triple viral follows: it will act against distemper, parvovirus and hepatitis.
- When it is between 75 and 80 days, the pentavalent vaccine: this will act against distemper, parvovirus, coronavirus, hepatitis and leptospirosis.
- From 100 to 120 days should be vaccinated against rabies.
By completing this scheme, your puppy will be ready to take walks safely, you must complete everything because with the first doses total immunity is not achieved.
Do not forget that you must reinforce the vaccination every year throughout your life by means of the pentavalent vaccine and the rabies vaccine. In the same way, deworm it against internal and external parasites as indicated by your trusted veterinarian.
There are other optional vaccines that, depending on your puppy’s needs, may be required. For example: kennel cough and influenza, among others. We remind you that it will be your veterinarian who will consider what is most suitable for your pet.
Finally, remember that there are behaviors in your puppy that can worry you, such as coprophagia ; a very common behavior in small dogs that generally will not cause harm. However, it is very unpleasant for us and, if it eats feces from other dogs or animals, it could become infected with parasites.