Diaarrhe in dogs is reflected as the expulsion of excessive content containing water and feces, it is generally the most important clinical sign of intestinal diseases.
In dogs, diarrhea can occur for various reasons, the main ones being stress or when there is a drastic change in diet. In any of the cases, it is necessary to go to the vet quickly in order to help your dog have a speedy recovery and diagnose what is causing it in time.
Types of diarrhea in dogs
It is important to learn the difference between acute and chronic diarrhea , and between diarrhea that comes from the large or small intestine . When this classification is done, it is easier for the veterinarian to determine the possible causes, in addition to providing an effective treatment for the dog. There are no exact differences to be able to classify the different diarrheas, but the different stool patterns and the time of defecation can be appreciated.
small intestine diarrhea
This diarrhea has a frequency of defecation that does not usually alter too much, but there is a great expulsion of liquid feces in each of the dispositions, without the dog expressing an urge to defecate. These feces do not usually contain blood or mucus, so the dog does not seem to have discomfort either, but in some cases there may be a little digested blood.
Diarrhea caused by parvovirus
In viral diarrhea, the stool will constantly have the presence of blood. In addition, the clinical picture may be accompanied by vomiting. However, diarrhea that occurs from the large intestine is accompanied by a noticeable increase in defecation, with small amounts of feces, mucus. There may also be small amounts of blood. Diarrhea caused by parvovirus , especially in younger dogs, has severe and intense symptoms. They can be much more affected, coming to have symptoms such as dehydration and fever. If more than three weeks have passed and the dog still has diarrhea, it can be determined as chronic. This, although there have been periods where there is normality interspersed with diarrhea. Most common causes of diarrhea in dogs As with humans, any radical change in the dog’s diet , whether due to foreign substances, parasites or bacteria, can cause diarrhea. That is why it is so important to pay attention and discover the possible origin of this problem. When to take the dog to the vet? It is important to consider the following factors to make the decision to take the dog to a veterinarian when it presents diarrhea, among the factors the following stand out: You have changes in bowel movements for more than two days. There is presence of blood. His stools are foul-smelling and liquid. Foreign object particles can be seen in the stool. All dog diarrhea that contains blood, whether it is fresh and reddish or black in color, should be seen immediately by a specialist, who will prescribe antibiotics and any other necessary medication. However, it is important to carry out a study of feces and for this a small sample must be taken that will help the veterinarian to be able to identify the presence of parasites. On the other hand, foul-smelling diarrhea is associated with bacterial contamination. This type of situation occurs when the dog consumes food that is in poor condition, is fermented with feces, had contact with an infectious agent or there are other types of infectious factors. Note : As with parasites, you can not use any type of medicine to combat this problem. The antibiotic to be given to the dog should be prescribed by a veterinarian after the study of the feces. The diagnosis will depend on all the information that is collected during the physical examinations or the stories that the adopters can provide. In many cases, X-rays, laboratory tests, and even biopsies are necessary. There are diarrheas that can become infectious such as campulobacter parasites and salmonella. These diseases can infect their adopters, so they must be treated immediately to avoid health complications in the family. How to hydrate a dog with diarrhea? While it is true that a dog with diarrhea should not consume food for the first 12 hours, he needs to consume plenty of fluids. The dog must be kept hydrated, therefore, it is recommended to do the following: